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A pentagon is a 2-dimensional polygon with five edges. The Bowers acronym for a pentagon is peg. It is called a cosmogon, hydrogon, or a rhodogon under the elemental naming scheme.

Structure and Sections

The regular pentagon has equal edges and each angle being 108 degrees.

Hypervolumes

  • vertex count =$ 5 $
  • edge length =$ 5l $
  • surface area =$ \frac{\sqrt{5(5+2\sqrt{5})}}{4} {l}^{2} $

Subfacets

Radii

  • Vertex radius:$ \sqrt{\frac{5+\sqrt{5}}{10}}l $
  • Edge radius:$ \frac{\sqrt{\frac{5+2\sqrt{5}}{5}}{2}}l $

Angles

  • Dihedral angle: 108º

Vertex coordinates

The coordinates of a pentagon in the plane are:

  • (0,√((10+2√5)/5)
  • (±(1+√5)/2,√((5-√5)/10)
  • (±1,-√((5+2√5)/5)

Related shapes

See Also

$ \{0\} $ $ \{1\} $ $ \{2\} $ $ \{3\} $ $ \{4\} $ $ \{5\} $ $ \{\frac{5}{2}\} $ $ \{6\} $ $ \{7\} $ $ \{\frac{7}{2}\} $ $ \{\frac{7}{3}\} $ $ \{8\} $ $ \{\frac{8}{3}\} $ $ \{9\} $ $ \{\frac{9}{2}\} $ $ \{\frac{9}{4}\} $ $ \{10\} $ $ \{\frac{10}{3}\} $ $ \{11\} $ $ \{\frac{11}{2}\} $ $ \{\frac{11}{3}\} $ $ \{\frac{11}{4}\} $ $ \{\frac{11}{5}\} $ $ \{12\} $ $ \{\frac{12}{5}\} $ $ \{13\} $ $ \{\frac{13}{2}\} $ $ \{\frac{13}{3}\} $ $ \{\frac{13}{4}\} $ $ \{\frac{13}{5}\} $ $ \{\frac{13}{6}\} $ $ \{14\} $ $ \{\frac{14}{3}\} $ $ \{\frac{14}{5}\} $ $ \{15\} $ $ \{\frac{15}{2}\} $ $ \{\frac{15}{4}\} $ $ \{\frac{15}{7}\} $ $ \{16\} $ $ \{\frac{16}{3}\} $ $ \{\frac{16}{5}\} $ $ \{\frac{16}{7}\} $ ... $ \{\infty\} $ $ \{x\} $ $ \{\frac{\pi i}{\lambda}\} $
Zerogon Monogon Digon Triangle Square Pentagon Pentagram Hexagon Heptagon Heptagram Great heptagram Octagon Octagram Enneagon Enneagram Great enneagram Decagon Decagram Hendecagon Small hendecagram Hendecagram Great hendecagram Grand hendecagram Dodecagon Dodecagram Tridecagon Small tridecagram Tridecagram Medial tridecagram Great tridecagram Grand tridecagram Tetradecagon Tetradecagram Great tetradecagram Pentadecagon Small pentadecagram Pentadecagram Great pentadecagram Hexadecagon Small hexadecagram Hexadecagram Great hexadecagram ... Apeirogon Failed star polygon ($ x $-gon) Pseudogon ($ \frac{\pi i}{\lambda} $-gon)
Regular
$ t_0 \{5\} $
Rectified
$ t_1 \{5\} $
Truncated
$ t_{0,1} \{5\} $
Pentagon Pentagon Decagon
Dimensionality Negative One Zero One Two Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine Ten Eleven Twelve Thirteen Fourteen Fifteen Sixteen ... Aleph null
Simplex

$ \{3^{n-1}\} $

Null polytope

$ )( $
$ \emptyset $

Point

$ () $
$ \mathbb{B}^0 $

Line segment

$ \{\} $
$ \mathbb{B}^1 $

Triangle

$ \{3\} $

Tetrahedron

$ \{3^2\} $

Pentachoron

$ \{3^3\} $

Hexateron

$ \{3^4\} $

Heptapeton

$ \{3^5\} $

Octaexon

$ \{3^6\} $

Enneazetton

$ \{3^7\} $

Decayotton

$ \{3^8\} $

Hendecaxennon

$ \{3^9\} $

Dodecadakon

$ \{3^{10}\} $

Tridecahendon

$ \{3^{11}\} $

Tetradecadokon

$ \{3^{12}\} $

Pentadecatradakon

$ \{3^{13}\} $

Hexadecatedakon

$ \{3^{14}\} $

Heptadecapedakon

$ \{3^{15}\} $

... Omegasimplex
Cross

$ \{3^{n-2},4\} $

Square

$ \{4\} $

Octahedron

$ \{3, 4\} $

Hexadecachoron

$ \{3^2, 4\} $

Pentacross

$ \{3^3, 4\} $

Hexacross

$ \{3^4, 4\} $

Heptacross

$ \{3^5, 4\} $

Octacross

$ \{3^6, 4\} $

Enneacross

$ \{3^7, 4\} $

Dekacross

$ \{3^8, 4\} $

Hendekacross

$ \{3^9, 4\} $

Dodekacross

$ \{3^{10}, 4\} $

Tridekacross

$ \{3^{11}, 4\} $

Tetradekacross

$ \{3^{12}, 4\} $

Pentadekacross

$ \{3^{13}, 4\} $

Hexadekacross

$ \{3^{14}, 4\} $

... Omegacross
Hydrotopes

$ \{3^{n-2}, 5\} $

Pentagon

$ \{5\} $

Icosahedron

$ \{3, 5\} $

Hexacosichoron

$ \{3^2, 5\} $

Order-5 pentachoric tetracomb

$ \{3^3, 5\} $

Order-5 hexateric pentacomb

$ \{3^4, 5\} $

...
Hypercube

$ \{4, 3^{n-2}\} $

Square

$ \{4\} $

Cube

$ \{4, 3\} $

Tesseract

$ \{4, 3^2\} $

Penteract

$ \{4, 3^3\} $

Hexeract

$ \{4, 3^4\} $

Hepteract

$ \{4, 3^5\} $

Octeract

$ \{4, 3^6\} $

Enneract

$ \{4, 3^7\} $

Dekeract

$ \{4, 3^8\} $

Hendekeract

$ \{4, 3^9\} $

Dodekeract

$ \{4, 3^{10}\} $

Tridekeract

$ \{4, 3^{11}\} $

Tetradekeract

$ \{4, 3^{12}\} $

Pentadekeract

$ \{4, 3^{13}\} $

Hexadekeract

$ \{4, 3^{14}\} $

... Omegeract
Cosmotopes

$ \{5, 3^{n-2}\} $

Pentagon

$ \{5\} $

Dodecahedron

$ \{5, 3\} $

Hecatonicosachoron

$ \{5, 3^2\} $

Order-3 hecatonicosachoric tetracomb

$ \{5, 3^3\} $

Order-3-3 hecatonicosachoric pentacomb

$ \{5, 3^4\} $

...
Hyperball

$ \mathbb B^n $

Disk

$ \mathbb B^2 $

Ball

$ \mathbb B^3 $

Gongol

$ \mathbb B^4 $

Pentorb

$ \mathbb B^5 $

Hexorb

$ \mathbb B^6 $

Heptorb

$ \mathbb B^7 $

Octorb

$ \mathbb B^8 $

Enneorb

$ \mathbb B^9 $

Dekorb

$ \mathbb B^{10} $

Hendekorb

$ \mathbb B^{11} $

Dodekorb

$ \mathbb B^{12} $

Tridekorb

$ \mathbb B^{13} $

Tetradekorb

$ \mathbb B^{14} $

Pentadekorb

$ \mathbb B^{15} $

Hexadekorb

$ \mathbb B^{16} $

... Omegaball

$ \mathbb B^{\aleph_0} $

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