multiverse is a self-contained group, or a large bubble filled with a finite or infinite number of universes. In many cases, the term is used to define the hypothetical set of every single possible universe, including the universe in which we live.

The various universes within a multiverse are called "parallel universes,” "other universes,” or "alternative universes.” It is possible to classify a multiverse based on what types of universes it contains and how they relate to each other as shown on the Altverse page.

There can even be multiverses with different properties within a Megaverse.


There are different ideas of what a multiverse is, but the basic idea is alternate versions of our own reality and put on an infinite or finite level. However, the structure of the multiverse, the nature of each universe within it, and the relationships among these universes differ from one multiverse hypothesis to another.


The dimensionality of a multiverse depends on the specific interpretation of the multiverse taken.

A simple conception of a multiverse is five dimensional, with several four dimensional universe-"lines" arranged in a stack in a five dimensional space.

One can also construct a multiverse with the same dimensionality as the universes it contains; if the universes are finitely large, they can simply sit inside a larger space like bubbles in a volume of water. Provided that the multiverse is negatively curved, one can even fit infinitely many infinitely large universes of the same dimensionality inside, each infinite universe is a horohyperball bounded by a horohypersphere. Using a Poincaré hyperball model to model the geometry of such a multiverse, every representation of an infinite universe would be a hyperball tangent to the outer boundary of the unit hyperball.


Bubbles of spacetime

The most extreme conception of the multiverse has them be infinite dimensional, with the coordinates of a point in the multiverse representing the complete state of the universe located at that position (such a multiverse can also be called a phaseverse).

Max Tegmark's 4 Levels of the Multiverse


The cosmologist Max Tegmark has come up with 4 possible interpretations of how the multiverse might be structured, which we now call Tegmark's 4 levels of the multiverse.

Level 1

This interpretation proposes that the universe is infinite and containing an infinite number of Hubble Volumes with an infinite number of possibilities in total.  Due to the infinite multitude of Hubble Volumes at a certain point Hubble volumes start repeating themselves; this means according to this interpretation of the multiverse that if you travel far enough eventually you'll meet yourself.

Level 2

According to this interpretation the universe expands forever with some regions of the infinite space splitting off from the whole, forming what we call universes.

Level 3

According to this interpretation of the multiverse every choice we make creates a split in space and time, creating an entirely separate universe.

Level 4

The final level of the multiverse represents Tegmark's idea that the multiverse consists of all possible permutations of mathematics, with an infinite number of natural laws existing across the uncountably infinite set of universes.

Multiverse Vs. Omniverse

Really, it's all about terminology. However, you can define the Multiverse to be a way to describe the Omniverse as well. One could say the very prefix 'Omni' could put the Omniverse above Multiversal level, say the Multiverse contains 'Multiple' realities but not exactly 'all'.

Think about it this way: There are several Multiverses in fiction, such as Marvel, Doctor Who, DC, Rick and Morty, Saint Seiya, Lego, Futurama, Kingdom Hearts, Half-Life, Dark Tower, whatever. They are all brought together within the Omniverse, containing all fiction and non-fiction. In other words, they're bound by copyright and stick to their own continuity and only occasionally interact, meaning each Multiverse is their own 'everything' or 'reality'.

For Megaverse, the concept itself is just a way to help keep a separation between the Omniverse and Multiverse, for whatever concepts may be outside the very concept of a Multiverse or perhaps just a standalone Universe.

See Also

Nested Level First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth Ninth Tenth ... -
Archverse Universe Multiverse Megaverse Gigaverse Teraverse Petaverse Exaverse Zettaverse Yottaverse Xennaverse ... Omniverse
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